What is endometriosis?

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus (the endometrium) grows outside the uterus. The tissue outside of the uterus responds in the same way that the tissue in the uterus does. During the menstrual period it bleeds. The tissue formed outside the uterus cannot leave the body, therefor it can lead to inflammation and internal bleeding.

It can cause heavy pain in the abdominal area and/or lower back. It can also be the cause of infertility,  scar tissue formation and adhesions (areas of tissue that can cause organs to stick together).

Signs and symptoms of endometriosis could be:

  • Painful and heavy periods
  • Infertility
  • Fatigue
  • Heavy bleeding during menstrual period
  • Heavy cramps
  • Painful sexual intercourse

It is estimated that it affects 1 in 10 women and girls. The cause of endometriosis is still unknown.

Talk to other women about endometriosis. By raising awareness on this subject hopefully women will be diagnosed more quickly.

Read more about endometriosis on the following websites:

Factsheet about endometriosis

Treatment for endometriosis

Endometriosis and pregnancy

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